National Adaptation Planning

Decisions made by national governments will be vital in determining their countries’ success at
preparing for the effects of a changing climate. This can be through action, such as raising awareness of the
likely effects of climate change, or inaction in the face of policies that provide the wrong incentives to
individuals or businesses. Examples of the latter include insurance schemes that encourage excessive
development in high-risk areas, or under-pricing of resources that will become scarcer in the future.
Increasingly, OECD country governments are undertaking national adaptation planning to provide an
evidence-based, co-ordinated and systematic approach to their preparations for climate change.
This paper brings together three strands of evidence to provide an assessment of national planning in
OECD countries: a survey of OECD countries’ most recent National Communications (NCs) to the UN
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); case studies of Mexico, the United Kingdom and
United States; and, the results of a workshop on national adaptation planning hosted by the OECD in May

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