Feasibility assessment, project description and GHG emissions and removal budget for Penaoru and Petawata, Santo Island, Vanuatu

The assessment of available remote sensing data indicates, that there is almost no potential for
activities reducing deforestation within the CCA/REDD site. Reducing forest degradation by
eliminating invasive weeds might show some potential for emission reductions and removals, but
requires further research to assess the management options and their carbon dynamics.

The community areas of Penaoru and Petawata show a potential of 664 ha for enhancing forest
carbon stocks activities. However, 65% of the potential is located outside the CCA/REDD site in
areas around the villages. Only one third of the potential (219 ha) relates to areas larger than 1ha.
Given the spatial distribution of potential sites, the original concept of a combined CCA-REDD site
has to be modified. The CCA area can be maintained as established, but its management plan should
allow for A/R activities considering that some Sandalwood stands have already been established
inside. In case the REDD+ activities will only encompass A/R activities, the boundaries of the
REDD+ sites will become obsolete and can be replaced by the community boundaries. Within this
scenario, Penaoru, Petawata and other communities will register their A/R activities and sites in a
(sub)national registry applying an approved protocol. The registry will operate a spatial database
of all EFCS activities, and measure, report, and verify their GHG removals. In its mature state, the
registry will account for all eligible REDD+ activities across islands and community territories.
Early movers willing to participate in piloting REDD+ on Santo Island would have to register their
activities based on consolidated community territories.

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