Since 2010, Pacific Island Countries (PICs) have taken steps to develop and implement an integrated action
plan, or Joint National Action Plan (JNAP), for climate change (CC) and disaster risk management (DRM)1. Tonga
was the first country to develop its JNAP and to get government approval in July 2010, with several other PICs
following suit. The development of a JNAP has been encouraged and facilitated by the Secretariat of the Pacific
Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) through its
Applied Geosciences Division (SOPAC) and multilateral and bilateral development partners such as the United
Nations Development Program (UNDP), GIZ and the Government of Australia. Countries have also made efforts to
systematically implement their JNAPs by accessing domestic resources and financial resources available through
bilateral and multilateral Official Development Assistance (ODA) and climate change finances (CCF).
The purpose of this report is to review the JNAP development and implementation process, and assess lessons
learnt for future JNAPs in the region. The review focuses on the Cook Islands and Tonga, which have made
progress in implementing their JNAP strategies. These countries obtained support from development partners
for JNAP implementation. The review also included Tuvalu, which has completed development of its JNAP with
Government endorsement, and countries currently in the process of developing their JNAP – Kiribati, Nauru, Niue
and the Republic of Marshall Islands. Reference is also made to other countries such as Palau, Solomon Islands and
Vanuatu, which chose alternative paths to their integration of CC and DRM.

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