Overview of linkages between gender and climate change

The degree to which people are affected by climate change impacts
is partly a function of their social status, gender, poverty, power
and access to and control over resources. Despite the international
community’s increasing acknowledgement of the differential
experiences and skills women and men bring to development and
environmental sustainability efforts, women still have lesser economic,
political and legal clout and are hence less able to cope with—and
are more exposed to—the adverse effects of the changing climate.
Drawing on women’s experiences, knowledge and skills and supporting
their empowerment will make climate change responses more
effective. However, the impacts of gender inequalities and women’s
recurrent socio-economic disadvantages continue to be ignored and
remain a critical challenge to adaptation efforts. As the world continues
to grapple with what a post-Kyoto climate regime should look like, it is
crucial that mitigation and adaptation efforts integrate gender issues at
all levels. This will minimize risks to women and children and ensure
greater success of efforts to address climate change.

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